One of the advantages of using Linux is that, unlike Windows or macOS, you can customize it to your needs. This means that instead of one identical for all users of the version, we have many variants of this system. Choosing the right distribution is one of the most important decisions faced by those planning a change from the popular Microsoft system. We present a set of the 10 most popular Linux distributions in the last 12 months according to the DistroWatch website. What are they different from each other?
This distribution is based on Arch Linux, which is gaining popularity due to speed and low requirements. This system has two versions that support two graphic environments – XFCE and KDE Plasma. What makes them different is the graphical environment and the speed of action. The repository to which users have access to the installation is AUR. It provides high stability and is compatible with most equipment. You can also use the Arch Linux package manager named Pacman. The name of the distribution itself comes from Mount Kilimanjaro, which Roland Singer managed to climb – one of the creators of Manjaro. Distribution addressed to more experienced users.
Ubuntu and Debian based system for beginners. The distribution also uses closed software, which makes it much easier to work with it. Its biggest advantages are simplicity of use, access to a large software package and full support available immediately after installation. The standard installation CD contains most of the most popular proprietary software, such as Adobe Flash or Java, as well as a complete package of audio and video codecs that allows you to play popular files without the need to install additional applications. An additional advantage is the friendly interface and the ability to change many graphical overlays. Although the distribution is based on Ubuntu, the Mint creators are cutting off its ideology.
This is an offer for novice users. It owes its popularity primarily to the ease of use. This distribution is a complete operating system for office and home use. The Windows-like distribution of options and functions makes it easier for new users to adapt to the system. The creator of Ubuntu – the Canonical company – took care of automatic updates, thanks to which we can guarantee that the equipment with this system always uses the latest version of the application. An additional advantage is a large and helpful community. The name of this distribution comes from the old African word for “humanity for all”.
This is probably the most visually attractive distribution of Linux, which stylistics will appeal to Apple’s fans. Its fundamental axis is the graphic environment called Pantheon, which emphasizes ease of use right after installation, functionality and minimization of adaptation and manual change of system settings. This is a proposal for people who like simplicity. Lack of overloading with functions and programs makes the system work well in everyday use.
One of the oldest Linux distributions, largely based on the GNU design software. The project is being implemented by a multitude of volunteers from around the world. Debian has the reputation of a stable, high-quality, easy-to-update system. Its creators put great emphasis on security, which is why new versions of the system appear rarely and often cause delays. It is also one of the most extensive versions of Linux, which in its stable version has about 20,000 packages. The name of this distribution comes from the names of its creator (Ian Murdock) and his then girlfriend Debra Lynn.
This is a project that is the result of collaboration between developers and the Mepis and AntiX community. The distribution is based on Debian, which guarantees its stability. Additionally, he uses the repositories of Debian Backports and Mepis Community. MX is characterized by simple configuration and solid execution. By default, the system uses the Xfce desktop. The advantage is that in case of problems you can get help on Polish-language forums devoted to Debian.
This is a distribution that is created from scratch by a group of enthusiasts, which means that there are no overarching systems that would enforce their updates. It is intended mainly for users of desktop computers. Its creators primarily focus on ease of use and an attractive interface. Importantly, the system works “out of the box” and is ready for use immediately after installation.
The distribution is a continuation of Red Hat Linux developed by Fedora Project, while the financing was supported by Red Hat. The goal of its creators was to create a useful operational program based on free software distributed under the GNU GPL. As part of this distribution, the user will get full support for 3D printing and a basic package of programs. Interestingly, Fedora is the system used by the Linux creator – Linus Torvalds.
It is a stable and versatile distribution intended for both beginners and advanced users. Its advantage is several dozens of graphic modules that enable configuration of the system. It focuses not only on ease of use, but also on safety. The first version of this distribution was called S.u.S.E. (German: Software- und System-Entwicklungsgesellschaft), in 1998 it was changed to SUSE. Distribution uses the YAST package manager and RPM packages. The installation CD contains, among others Firefox, LibreOffice and many other programs. The user can choose a collection of packages that can be installed using a user-friendly wizard.